Arunachal Pradesh

Arunachal Pradesh

 
Nagaland is bound by Arunachal Pradesh and parts of Assam in the North; Manipur in the South; Myanmar (Burma) on the East and Assam in the West. 16 major tribes along with other sub-tribes inhabit the State. Each of the sixteen odd tribes and sub-tribes have their own languages, customs and traditions and they can easily be distinguished by their colourful dresses, ornaments and beads that they wear. The traditional ceremonial attire of each tribe is very colourful and attractive.








 
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GENERAL INFORMATION:

Location : Arunachal Pradesh is bordered by China in the north, Bhutan in the west, Myanmar (Burma) in the east and shares its boundaries to the south with Assam and Nagaland.
Area : 83,743 Sq Km
Population : 1,091,117(Provisional 2001census)
Capital : Itanagar(Population-34970 (Provisional 2001 census)
Clothing : Summer-cotton, Winter- heavy woolen
Wildlife Sanctuaries : Itanagar, Pakhui, Laki Mehao
National Parks : Namdapha, Mouling

The population of Arunachal Pradesh as per the provisional census of 2001 is 1091117. There are 26 major tribes and a number of sub tribes living in the state. Most of these communities are ethnically similar but their geographical isolation from each other has brought amongst them certain distinctive characteristics in language, dress and customs. Broadly, the people may be divided into three cultural groups on the basis of their socio religious affinities.

The Monpas and Sherdukpens of Tawang and West Kameng district follow the lamaistic traditions of Mahayana Buddhism. Culturally similar to them are Membas and Khambas who live in the high mountains of the northern borders. Khamtis and Singphos inhabiting the eastern part of the State are Buddhist of Hinayan Sect.

The second group of people are Adis, Akas, Apatanis, Bungnis, Nishis, Mishimis, Mijis, Thangsos etc. who worship the Sun and the Moon namely Donyi Polo and Abotani. Their religious rituals largely coincide with the phases or agricultural cycles.

Arunachal finds mention in the literature of Kalika Purana and Mahabharata. This place is supposed to be the Prabhu Mountains of the Puranas. It was here that the sage Parashuram washed away his sins, sage Vyasa meditated, king Bhismaka founded his kingdom and lord Krishna married his consort Rukmini. The third group comprises of Noctes and Wangchos, adjoining Nagaland in the Tirap district who are known for their structured village society in which the hereditary village chief still plays a vital role. The people of Arunachal Pradesh have a tradition of artistic craftsmanship and sense of aesthetics manifested through a variety of crafts like weaving, painting, basket making, woodcarving etc. Festivals are an essential part of the socio-cultural life of the people and these festivals are usually connected with agriculture to thank god or to pray for bumper harvest. Some of the important festivals are Mopin and Solung of Adis, Lossar of Monpas, Sherdukpens and Boori-Boot of the Hill Miris, Dree of the Apatanis, Sidonyi of Tagin, Nyokum of Nishis, Reh of Idu Mishmis etc.

FLORA AND FAUNA
Out of about a thousand species of orchids in India, over 500 are found in Arunachal alone. These are colourful, spectacular and some bear exotic names such as Sita-Pushpa and Draupadi-Pushpa believed to have been worn by Sita and Draupadi. Some of the orchids are rare and classified as endangered. Arunachal Pradesh Forest Development Corporation has established an Orchid Research and Development Station at Tipi in West Kameng district for propagation and conservation of these species. In addition to Orchidarium at Tipi, two orchid conservation sanctuaries have been established at Sessa and Dirang respectively. The wildlife is equally rich and varied. Elephants and Tigers abound, especially in the grassy foothills and leopard and jungle cats are quite common. The white gibbon is found in Tirap and Lohit district and red pandas and musk in the higher ranges. The 'Mithun' (Bos Forntails) exists both in wild and semi domesticated form. Traditionally, the Mithun has been a unit of wealth and is allowed to move freely in the jungle till it is either used for food on festive occasions, marriage or for barter. Birds found in the state are the great Indian Hornbill, Wood Duck, Green Pigeon etc.

ENTRY FORMALITIES :
FOREIGN TOURISTS : All foreign tourists intending to visit Arunachal Pradesh require Restricted Area Permits. These permits can be obtained from Indian Missions abroad, Foreigners Regional Registration Offices (FRRO) at New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata (Calcutta), Chief Immigration Officer, Chennai, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, New Delhi and Home Commissioner, Government of Arunachal Pradesh, Itanagar for a period of ten days for a group of four or more persons. Foreign tourists visiting Arunachal Pradesh on their own arrangement are required to pay US$ 50.00 per head to the Government of Arunachal Pradesh.

DOMESTIC TOURISTS : Indian tourists desiring to visit Arunachal Pradesh need an Inner Line Permit. The Inner Line Permit can be obtained from the Secretary (Political), Itanagar or from the respective Deputy Commissioners of the districts of Arunachal Pradesh as well as from the offices of the Government of Arunachal Pradesh in the following cities and towns.

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