Tripura

Tripura

 
Tripura formerly known as Hill Tippera is located in the extreme Southwest corner of the Northeastern Region. It is bound on the North, Southeast and Southwest by Bangaladesh and in the East by Assam and Mizoram. A former princely state, Tripura is the second most populous state in the region with a population density of 262 per sq. km. As per the provisional census of 2001, the population of the state is 31,91,168. A large section of the population are Bengalis besides nineteen tribes who are residing in the hills of the state.








 
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Major Tourist Destnations in Tripura:
Agartala    

GENERAL INFORMATION :

Area : 10,492 sq km
Capital : Agartala
Altitude : 12.80 metres
Population : 3191168 (Provisional census-2001)
Temperature : Summer: 20 to 36 degree C. Winter: 7 to 27 Degree C.
Clothing : Summer-Cotton. Winter- Woollens
Rainy Season : June to August
Average rainfall : 2100 mm per annum
Official Languages : Bengali and Kok Borok
Other Languages : Manipuri, English, Hindi, Chakma etc.

DISTANCE FROM TRIPURA TO SOME NEIGHBOURING PLACES IN BANGLADESH: :

Agartala to Dhaka-150 km, Kailashahar to Sylhet-90 km, Sabroom to Chittagong-75 km, Sonamura to Comilla-25 km

Tripura formerly known as Hill Tippera is located in the extreme Southwest corner of the Northeastern Region. It is bound on the North, Southeast and Southwest by Bangaladesh and in the East by Assam and Mizoram. A former princely state, Tripura is the second most populous state in the region with a population density of 262 per sq. km. As per the provisional census of 2001, the population of the state is 31,91,168. A large section of the population are Bengalis besides nineteen tribes who are residing in the hills of the state.

Tripuri people form the biggest tribe comprising 60 percent of the total tribal population. Each tribe has their own festivals and a number of dances, which are performed during festival times.

ENTRY FORMALITIES

There are no entry formalities like Restricted Area Permit or Inner Line Permit (RAP/ILP) to visit Tripura. The State is very close to Bangladesh and as such, foreign tourists coming from Dhaka or other cities of Bangladesh may come to Agartala via Akhaura Border Check Post. The journey time by road between Dhaka and Agartala is approximately three hours. Similarly, foreign tourists coming to Tripura could enter Bangladesh via the same Border Check Post. For the convenience of tourists, it is however, advised that tourists coming via this route are to intimate the Government of Tripura, Department of Information, Cultural Affairs & Tourism well in advance for necessary arrangements.

FAIRS AND FESTIVALS:

There are a number of fairs and festivals that are being celebrated in the State. Practically each tribe in the state have their own dances and festivals, which are celebrated with great devotion and enthusiasm. Some of the most important festivals are given below:

Paus-Sankranti Mela: The mela held near source of the river Gomti known as Tirtha Mukh, the festival attracts a large number of devotees from all over the state. Both tribal and non-tribal people assemble every year on the occasion of the Uttarayan Sankranti for a holy dip in the lake

Buddha Poornima: Though the number of Buddhists living in the state is very small, Lord Buddha's birthday is celebrated on a grand scale every year. People of all communities enthusiastically take part in this festival.

Ganga Puja: This tribal Puja is held in the month of March-April. About 4 to 5 tribal villages join together to perform the Puja. Each tribal family gives subscription to meet the expenditure of the Puja. To perform the Puja they build a temple with bamboo just in the middle of the river. They sacrifice goats, buffaloes and ganders and pray to God to save them from any epidemic .

Ashok Ashtami Fair:The fair is held every year in the month of April at Unakoti Tirtha of Kailashahar Sub-Division. Pilgrims from all over the state assemble here to offer Puja to the images of gods and goddesses engraved on the hilly rocks.

Garia Puja: The tribals of Tripura perform Garia Puja on the seventh day of the month of Baisakh (April). Both men and women is performed this puja to propitiate the deity for blessings.

Doljatra and Rashleela: This is the most important festival of the Manipuri Community of Tripura. Doljatra or Holi is celebrated with great enthusiasm. Songs of Radha who registers her complaint about the mischief and naughtiness of Krishna and also her great love for the lord of Gokula are sung during the Rashleela festival. Jhulan Jatra, Janmastami and Rathajatra are some of other festivals of the Hindus.

Karchi Puja: The worship of the fourteen gods popularly known as Kharchi Puja occupies the pride of place in Tripura. This weeklong festival is celebrated every year in the month of July at Chaturdasha Devta Temple

Ker Puja: Ker Puja starts generally fifteen days after Kharchi Puja and it is general belief that this Puja is performed for the welfare of the State and its people.

Durga Puja: It is celebrated in the month of October and it is one of the most popular festivals in Tripura. The entire villages and towns appear in a festive mood during the four days of the festival. On the fourth day images of goddess Durga are taken out in a great procession for immersion in rivers or big lakes. Vijaya Dashami, the fourth day of the festival, is significantly observed by exchange of reciprocal greetings.

Diwali: Diwali festival is celebrated after Durga Puja. On this occasion every year a big fair is held near Matabari in the temple of Tripura Sundari at Udaipur one of the 51 peethas (pilgrimage centres).

DANCES OF TRIPURA

In addition to the number of fairs and festivals that are being celebrated in the state, dances also form parts of the celebration during important festivals.

The Tripuri tribe for instance, performs Garia dance especially during Garia puja. Foot tapping steps according to rhythmic sound of the drum presents a very lively mood.

The Hozagiri dance of the Reang community popularly known as the balancing dance is basically a female dance. Standing on a pitcher, they move the metal plates while dancing on it while keeping the lighted bottle and pick up a flower from the ground bowing their body backwards.

The folk culture and literature of the Chakmas are quite rich. Chakma people take pride in their Barmasi song, Pala song and love song and their dance namely Bizhu is a very popular one. In olden time, this dance used to be staged at the temple precinct. Chailam Dance is performed by the Lushai tribe inhabiting the hill range of Jampui in North Tripura. This is a spring festival and it is held in an open air. A significant feature of this dance is that here only the drummer is allowed to sing unlike other performances where everyone sings and dances. Cheraw Dance or the bamboo dance is performed by Darlongs, a sub tribe of the Lushai community.

FLORA AND FAUNA

The state receives an average rainfall of about 2100 mm per year and the temperature in summer is between 20 to 36 degree Celsius and in winter between 7 and 27 degree Celsius. It has an area of around 10,492 sq km and almost two-third of the area of the state is forested where different species of trees, orchids, birds and wildlife are found. There are four sanctuaries in the state namely, Rowa wildlife sanctuary, Sepahijala wildlife sanctuary, Trishna wildlife sanctuary and Gumti wildlife sanctuary. The crab-eating mongoose, which was last sighted about 72 years ago in India, can be seen at the Sepahijala wildlife sanctuary.

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